Nuclear safety covers the actions taken to prevent nuclear and radiation accidents or to limit their consequences this covers nuclear power plants as well as all other nuclear facilities the transportation of nuclear materials and the use and storage of nuclear materials for medical power industry and military uses. The nuclear power industry has improved the safety and performance of reactors and has proposed new safer but generally untested reactor designs but there is no guarantee that the reactors will be designed built and operated correctly mistakes do occur and the designers of reactors at fukushima in japan did not anticipate that a tsunami generated by an earthquake would disable the backup . Chernobyl is considered the worlds worst nuclear disaster to date it occurred on april 26 1986 when a sudden surge in power during a reactor systems test resulted in an explosion and fire that destroyed unit 4 massive amounts of radiation escaped and spread across the western soviet union and europe. The chernobyl disaster was a unique event and the only accident in the history of commercial nuclear power where radiation related fatalities occurred e the design of the reactor is unique and in that respect the accident is thus of little relevance to the rest of the nuclear industry outside the then eastern bloc. How often do nuclear power plants go wrong how many accidents and incidents are there the explosions and nuclear fuel rods melting at japans fukushima nuclear power plant following the sendai
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